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3 critiques of alternative proteins, explained
As more alternative protein companies make their way onto supermarket shelves and restaurant menus, their business models and impact promises face increasing criticism.
Power outage: Solar is frozen, wind is fitful
The race to turbocharge the shift to clean energy has been slowed by unforeseen obstacles — in the form of trade policy and business model hiccups.
Let’s talk integrated photovoltaics
Meet Ambient Photonics, which just raised $30 million to produce low-light solar cells that can harvest energy from both natural and artificial sources.
How to build an equitable ocean economy
Sustainability and equity are two sides of the same coin.
CO2 removal buyers unite
Alphabet, Microsoft, Salesforce, Boston Consulting, LGT, Mitsui, Swiss Re and UBS ramp up purchasing pledges for "high-quality" carbon removals.
Where do ESG and sustainable finance go from here?
The tone, texture and temper of the attacks on ESG has meaningfully shifted, and the factors upon which 'it depends' are naturally shifting as a result. 
German startup digitizes restaurant orders to address food waste
Startup Choco, which recently raised $111 million, has created a platform that hones in on food waste in the hospitality industry, connecting food suppliers directly to restaurants and cafes.
Lessons for private sector funding of conservation in a changing world
Sponsored: The timing is prime for businesses to take on greater funding and collaborative leadership roles for biodiversity conservation, but more is needed to scale up private support.
If it's cheaper to electrify buildings, why isn't it happening more broadly?
"Electrify everything" is a defining goal in campaigns to rebuild infrastructure around clean fuels. What's the resistance?
The truth behind EV sales in 2022
Automotive companies including Volkswagen Group, Ford, Mercedes and even Tesla are struggling to meet customer demand. If drivers and commercial fleets want more EVs, why not produce fewer gasoline vehicles and prioritize EVs? 
Guilt by trade association
The trade association issue is central to solving the climate policy challenge. Companies must tackle this issue, or we’ll keep hitting a roadblock we can’t get around.
How three companies are solving problems using biomimicry
Nature usually has the most elegant solutions. Why aren’t we using more of them?
How a net-zero hotel is setting a new industry standard
Sponsored: Lamington Group’s hotel brand, room2, sets a new standard for boutique hotels by providing an experience that’s both comfortable and good for the planet.
5 ways to cut oil and gas use through clean transportation
From creative financing to better walking infrastructure, these strategies can reduce traffic, noise, and pollution.
3 companies tell us their failures on sustainability
Levis, L’Oreal and Humanscale explain where they went wrong and how they are moving forward.
Can Elon Musk save ESG?
Tesla’s exclusion from an ESG stock index was a signal moment that suggests ESG could be in for a reckoning.
Can you go climate smart and gender smart in the public markets?
A handful of leading-edge asset managers have created vehicles that are tackling both simultaneously.
5 things I learned being a sustainability consultant
A consultant can help many companies get on the path towards sustainability, but what happens if you can't see the project to the end?
How a shadow price on water could prime innovative technologies
The acceleration of corporate water stewardship and climate mitigation commitments requires new investment criteria for the adoption of innovative water technologies.
WestRock shares sustainability lessons learned
Sponsored: With the approval of a science-based target (SBT), refreshed ESG goals and the publication of its 2021 Sustainability Report, the WestRock team is sharing their learnings so others can benefit, too.
- cleanpowermktg
Clean Energy Marketing: What to Do in Urgent Times
It’s no secret that the future of energy lies in harnessing renewable sources, like solar, wind and energy storage. The recent IPCC report highlighted the urgency of the clean energy transition. For those of us involved in marketing the solutions of that transition, our jobs just went from challenging…to critical. How can you make your marketing efforts more effective when the planet’s clock is so relentlessly ticking? 
- cleanpowermktg
Here’s Why Talking About Climate Change Matters
Most people believe climate change is real. But they don't know what to do about it. Climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe shares her perspective on why talking about climate is the first step.
- cleanpowermktg
Why Climate Action Belongs on Your 2022 Marketing Agenda
New Year’s resolutions on climate action are too quaint for where we stand today: fighting an existential battle that is already well underway.  The 2021 United Nations Report on Climate Change repeated the clarion call from its last report with even greater urgency: We are rapidly running out of time to limit global warming beyond […]
- Nancy Edwards
How sustainable is your solar company?
Environmental, social and governance (ESG) investing is having a watershed year, and for the solar industry, this momentum is great news. But solar companies may need to up the ante on their own sustainability efforts.
- cleanpowermktg
Writing with Light: Ten Tips for Solar Photography with Great ROI
Shining the best light on your renewable energy projects is imperative when trying to convey an effective marketing message. Investing in professional, creative photography and video will pay for itself many times over in the highly visual world we live in today. Here are some tips on how to create visual assets with great ROI.
- Nancy Edwards
Six Ways to Keep Commercial Solar Stakeholders Interested (and Close the Deal)
Many companies are in the position to consider commercial solar. But the people involved in making the decision have day jobs. And they don't have time to make solar a side project -- together with all the issues in financing, design considerations, and all the rest. How can we make the process easier for them? So how can you keep your commercial solar prospects engaged and eager for solar throughout the sales process?
- Nancy Edwards
Planning a Solar Marketing Strategy in an Unpredictable Year
As the renewable energy industry moves forward with purpose into 2021, there is reason to be optimistic. But with Covid still devastating communities, the future for many is still uncertain. How can you plan your solar marketing strategy in such a volatile environment?
- Nancy Edwards
New Research Shows Public Concern for Climate Change Is Holding Strong During Pandemic
How has COVID-19 affected consumer attitudes toward climate?
- Zubin Segal
Five Steps to Conquering Account-Based Marketing for Commercial Solar
What is Account-Based Marketing and why is it more important than ever?
- cleanpowermktg
Bouncing Back: Lessons from the Front Lines of Solar
How are solar companies adapting their business practices during COVID-19 and what lessons can we learn as an industry?
- EDF Blogs
Big bright spot in a disappointing season for shareholder climate resolutions
By Andrew Howell, CFA It’s annual general meeting season in the U.S. — when shareholders hold companies to account and press management to do better. A record 71 climate-related resolutions will be presented this year at public companies, more than double the number last year. But with a more ambitious suite of resolutions, fewer are […]
- EDF Blogs
Differentiated gas: Nothing but hot air without these five criteria
By Dan Grossman and Maureen Lackner Getting a comprehensive and accurate picture of the extent of methane emissions from the oil and gas industry is hard. Our scientists have spent much of the last decade detailing deficiencies and inaccuracies in the way companies — and even regulators — estimate emissions, which result in dangerous understatements […]
- Erin Murphy
The New York Utility Commission institutes a climate planning framework
The New York Public Service Commission is taking decisive action to orient the state’s utilities towards a clean energy future, consistent with the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act. In two new orders, the commission established a collaborative long-term planning process for gas utilities, put in place a framework for greenhouse gas emissions reporting for […]
- EDF Blogs
Methane gas leaks present environmental justice concerns
By Erin Murphy and Joe von Fischer New peer-reviewed research reveals neighborhoods with more people of color and lower household income tended to have more gas leaks. Because natural gas is composed primarily of methane, leaks are a source of climate pollution as well as a health and safety hazard and nuisance to nearby communities. […]
- Elizabeth B. Stein
The time has come for NYPSC to focus on charging infrastructure for trucks and buses
New York is at a crossroads. Our flagship climate law, the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act, requires significant emissions reductions statewide. This puts every sector of our economy on the hook to deliver and position New York on a path to climate safety. To achieve the CLCPA’s goals, government agencies, communities and the private […]
- Jon Goldstein
Lessons from New Mexico and Colorado’s leading methane rules
Methane leaks from oil and gas sites represents a problem on many fronts. They create harmful air pollution, contribute to global warming and can even cause explosions. They also result in a lot of wasted gas. Colorado and New Mexico — two of the nation’s leading energy producers — recently ramped up their methane pollution […]
- Scott Anderson
States should not weaken liability laws for CCS projects
Early this January, a geyser in West Texas started spewing tens of thousands of barrels of salty water a hundred feet into the air and coating the nearby land with salt deposits. It took about 10 days to discover the culprit was an old, dry oil well plugged in 1957 by Gulf Oil. By the […]
- Phillip Martin
Dallas workshop showcases Texas-sized excitement for ZEV trucks
Last week, EDF and the North Central Texas Council of Governments hosted a daylong workshop on the state of zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles in Texas. Over 100 fleet owners, managers, industry experts and government officials came together to discuss the latest technology for hydrogen and electric trucks, the state of the Texas grid and go along […]
- Larissa Koehler
For Colorado’s clean truck ambition, it’s time for action, not delay
In March 2022, Colorado Gov. Jared Polis unveiled an ambitious and forward-thinking zero-emission medium- and heavy-duty truck strategy his administration said could reduce climate emissions from this sector at least 45% by 2050. Gov. Polis is right: Colorado’s Clean Truck Strategy would build upon the state’s “national-leading climate and infrastructure goals.” But key pieces necessary […]
- EDF Blogs
An all-inclusive way to look at energy transition in New Jersey
By Elizabeth B. Stein and Cole Jermyn New Jersey, like many other states, has been hard at work developing a strategy to drastically reduce its own climate impact. The state’s residents are already experiencing more than their share of climate change. With 130 miles of coastline, including population centers near much-loved beaches, more frequent extreme […]
- Energy Trust

Energy Trust has selected Chris Dunning to be its chief financial officer following a national search....

The post Chris Dunning selected to lead Energy Trust’s financial team appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

This is the first in a series of blog posts exploring the connections between social justice,...

The post Energy-efficient affordable housing helps close the energy gap appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

Energy Trust is working alongside state agencies to support families whose homes were damaged or destroyed...

The post Energy Trust, state agencies offer support and savings for wildfire rebuilding appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

Photo courtesy of OMSI The site of one of Portland’s oldest power plants is now producing...

The post Teaching by example: OMSI goes solar appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust
50001 Ready takes Strategic Energy Management to the next level

Many commercial businesses are seeking better ways to build effective energy management systems and achieve improved...

The post 50001 Ready takes Strategic Energy Management to the next level appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

When Beaverton Police needed a larger, more functional home, collaboration with Energy Trust of Oregon and...

The post Beaverton Public Safety Center advances carbon reduction and resiliency goals appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

February of 2021 was quite a time for Larry and Theresia Guillow to move into their...

The post Energy Savers: The Guillow family takes on DIY insulation appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust
Wilsonville-based ESS pairs exponential growth with sustainable solutions

Energy Storage Systems (ESS) has come a long way since 2011. Back then, co-founders Craig Evans...

The post Wilsonville-based ESS pairs exponential growth with sustainable solutions appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Energy Trust

If you received comments from tenants about unwanted drafts and inconsistent heat this winter, air leaks...

The post Seal the deal on energy savings with more efficient windows and insulation appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- EnergyTrust
With an energy-efficient kitchen expansion, Crush Wine Bar charts a new path

John Bracken knows how to pivot. He’s had to adjust his plans on the fly ever...

The post With an energy-efficient kitchen expansion, Crush Wine Bar charts a new path appeared first on Energy Trust Blog.

- Rikaela R.J. Greane and R. Lynn Parins
DOE Announces Transmission Facilitation Program

On May 6, 2022, the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) issued a Notice of Intent and Request for Information (“Notice”) regarding establishment of a Transmission Facilitation Program (“TFP”) to support the construction of electric power transmission lines and related facilities. As part of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, DOE may borrow up to $2.5 billion to carry out the TFP. According to a May 10, 2022 announcement from DOE, “[t]he TFP is an innovative revolving fund program that will provide Federal support to overcome the financial hurdles to large-scale new transmission lines and upgrade existing transmission as well as the connection of microgrids in select States and U.S. territories.”

The TFP will assist with the construction of new and upgraded high-capacity transmission lines through three financing tools for eligible projects: capacity contracts, loans from DOE, and participation by DOE in public-private partnerships. Eligible projects are generally defined in the Notice as a project “(a) to construct a new or replace an existing eligible electric power transmission line; (b) to increase the transmission capacity of an existing eligible electric power transmission line; or (c) to connect an isolated microgrid to an existing transmission, transportation, or telecommunications infrastructure corridor located in Alaska, Hawaii, or a territory of the United States.” Beyond this general definition, the applicant seeking to carry out the project must also certify that the project meets certain eligibility criteria. DOE will then assess whether the given project may receive TFP support based on the application information outlined in the Notice.

DOE proposes to conduct an initial solicitation in 2022 for capacity contracts for eligible projects that will begin commercial operation no later than December 31, 2027. Here, DOE may purchase the right to use transmission capacity of up to 50 percent of the total proposed transmission capacity of the transmission line from an eligible project for up to 40 years. The goal of this financing tool is to “provide certainty to developers, operators, and marketers that customer revenue will be sufficient to justify the construction of a transmission line that meets current and future needs.”

DOE indicates in the Notice that it anticipates seeking applications for all forms of support from the TFP, including DOE loans and public-private partnerships (in addition to capacity contracts) in early 2023. For the DOE loans, DOE may make loans for the costs of carrying out an eligible project and the interest rate will be fixed by DOE, accounting for market yields on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States of comparable maturities as of the date of the loan. For public-private partnerships, DOE may enter into public-private partnerships in which DOE will partner with an eligible entity in “designing, developing, constructing, operating, maintaining, or owning an eligible project.”  The Notice also requests comment on certain elements of the TFP in addition to other related topics such as how to ensure skilled workforce availability. Comments must be provided by June 13, 2022. DOE is offering a public webinar to provide additional information on May 26, 2022.

As we noted in Utility Dive’s article on the release of the Notice, market watchers will be looking to see if the tools available in the TFP will be sufficient to provide developers and investors the certainty needed to turn more potential transmission projects into viable, financeable ones. 

Foley is committed to helping our clients in the Energy sector in markets nationwide. If you have any questions about these developments, please contact Lynn Parins, Rikaela Greane or your Foley attorney.

- Jeffery R. Atkin, Michael J. Walsh, Jr., Natalie S. Neals and Rachel Conrad
Recent Memorandum from Commerce regarding Solar Circumvention Investigation

On May 2, 2022, the U.S. Department of Commerce (“Commerce”) released a memorandum to “All Interested Parties” that clarifies the scope of the investigation into the alleged circumvention of tariffs on certain solar cells and solar modules imported into the United States from Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam or Cambodia, originally announced by Commerce on March 28, 2022 (the “Investigation”). For additional background, please see Foley’s article regarding the launch of the Investigation.

Among other things, the three-page memorandum, entitled “Circumvention Inquiries with Respect to Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, - Potential Certification Requirements” (the “Memorandum”) provides more clarity on (i) what type of certification requirements would be placed on solar cells and modules, (ii) what types of inputs would be subject to the duties, and (iii) what the amount of the duties would be, in each case, in the event of an affirmative preliminary or final determination in the Investigation.

Certification Requirements

The Memorandum notes that in previous affirmative circumvention inquiries, Commerce established certification procedures for importers and exporters regarding the source of the materials used in the subject products, and indicates that Commerce would utilize a similar certification process here. In the past, only imports that were found not to comply with the certification requirements were subject to the orders and applicable cash deposits, and imports that satisfied the certification requirements were considered not subject to the orders. The only exception to this was the exclusion of companies that “did not cooperate” to the best of their ability in the circumvention inquiry and companies that were unable to trace the input from the subject country to the actual merchandise that the company shipped to the United States.

Inputs

Importantly, Commerce makes clear that wafers made from polysilicon sourced from China but actually sliced into wafers outside of China are outside the scope of the circumvention inquiries.  Similarly, Commerce noted that only Chinese-origin inputs that have not undergone further manufacturing processes in another country are subject to the investigation. This added clarity will allow panel manufactures to better assess their risk of circumvention duties and may give manufacturers that do not use wafers manufactured in China an advantage in commercial negotiations. 

Potential Duties

Importantly, Commerce stated that solar cells and modules made from non-Chinese wafers are not covered by the circumvention proceeding and will not be subject to cash deposit requirements even if Commerce issues an affirmative determination.  Commerce states that in the event of an affirmative determination, if solar cells or modules have Chinese inputs that are traceable to a specific Chinese manufacturer and are found to be subject to the duties, the intended cash deposit rate for such imports will be equal to that Chinese manufacturer’s company-specific rates, as if they had been shipped directly from China. Even though Commerce identifies the origin of silicon wafers as the determining factor as to whether a panel is subject to the investigation, Commerce does not say that cash deposits would be required to cover only the value of the wafer. If Commerce issues an affirmative circumvention determination, then cash deposits will be based on the entire value of the cells and modules incorporating Chinese wafers.  For imports that cannot be tied to a specific Chinese manufacturer, the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol will be instructed to suspend liquidation of the entry and collect cash deposits at the rates applicable under applicable law relevant to Chinese-produced solar cells and modules.1

The Department of Commerce is requesting any interested parties to provide comments and other factual information related to the material in the Memorandum prior to 5:00pm Eastern Time on May 9, 2022.

Foley’s Renewable Energy practice has deep experience in all aspects of the solar industry, as well as extensive experience with the Department of Commerce. If you have any questions about Commerce’s determination or its impact on your business, please contact Mike Walsh, Jeff Atkin, or your Foley lawyer. Jeff is the co-chair of Foley’s Energy practice, and Mike is the former chief of staff and acting general counsel at the U.S. Department of Commerce.

See Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells, Whether or Not Assembled into Modules from the People’s Republic of China: Amended Final Determination Letter of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Antidumping Duty Order, 77 FR 73018 (December 7, 2012); and Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells, Whether or Not Assembled Into Modules, from the Republic of China: Countervailing Duty Order, 77 FR 73017 (December 7, 2012)

- Joel E. Meister and R. Lynn Parins
DOE Announces Over $3 Billion in Funding Opportunities to Support U.S. Battery Supply Chain Buildout

On May 2, 2022, The U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE) issued through its Office of Manufacturing and Energy Supply Chains (“MESC”) and Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (“EERE”) Funding Opportunity Announcement (“FOA”) No. DE-FOA-0002678 directing $3.1 billion from the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (“IIJA”) to support a domestic battery supply chain, specifically, “new, retrofitted, and expanded commercial facilities as well as manufacturing demonstrations and battery recycling.” A separate FOA was also announced providing an additional $60 million for “second-life applications for batteries once used to power EVs, as well as new processes for recycling materials back into the battery supply chain.”

DOE’s announcement described both FOAs as "key components of the Administration’s whole-of-government supply chain strategy to strengthen America’s energy independence to reduce our reliance on competing nations and support the President’s goal to have electric vehicles make up half of all vehicles sales in America by 2030.”  

UnderEnergy the $3.1 billion FOA, DOE anticipates 17-34 awards between $50 million and $400 million.

The FOA organizes 12 specific areas of interest into two broad grant categories:

Battery Material Processing Battery Component Manufacturing and Recycling

Applicants are required to submit a Letter of Intent by May 27, with a full Application Submission Deadline of July 1, 2022.

The separate $60 million recycling FOA requires submission of Concept Papers by May 31 and a full Application Submission by July 19, 2022.

DOE noted that the IIJA authorized more than $7 billion to strengthen the U.S. battery supply chain, from raw materials to domestic manufacturing, along with other funds set aside for more downstream battery storage deployment and EV charging infrastructure.

This week’s funding opportunities come on the heels of a diverse array of Executive Branch actions to spur domestic investment in U.S. battery storage technologies for electric vehicles and stationary energy storage.

On April 18, the DOE’s Loan Guarantee Program announced a conditional commitment to lend up to $107 million to Syrah Technologies, LLC to expand its facility in Vidalia, Louisiana to ramp up production of natural graphite-based active anode material (AAM) for electric vehicles. If the loan closes, it will be the first Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) program loan in over 10 years and the first loan to an upstream supply chain entity rather than an electric vehicle manufacturer.

In late March, President Biden invoked the Defense Production Act with respect to raw materials for large-capacity batteries, including lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite, and manganese. The invocation requires the U.S. Department of Defense to support feasibility studies to support the securing of a domestic supply of such materials through “environmentally responsible domestic mining and processing; recycling and reuse; and recovery from unconventional and secondary sources, such as mine waste.” Read Lauren Loew’s coverage of rising lithium prices and the dearth of U.S. capacity.

Foley is continuing to follow developments in this area.  The Foley team has significant experience, knowledge and expertise related to the battery and storage industry, including the automotive, manufacturing, supply chain, regulatory, IP, private equity, tax equity, project finance, and public-private financing issues related to the same, and we are ready to help clients navigate this evolving landscape.

- Rikaela R.J. Greane and R. Lynn Parins
FERC Proposes New Transmission Planning and Cost Allocation Reform and PJM Announces Interconnection Revamp

On April 21, 2022, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) approved a draft proposed rule (the “Proposed Rule”) regarding transmission planning and transmission cost allocation. According to a FERC news release issued that day, “[t]he proposed rule addresses the need for our nation’s energy infrastructure to be more resilient and reliable while also achieving cost savings for consumers.” The Proposed Rule is a component of a larger advanced notice of proposed rulemaking announced in July of 2021 (the “Advanced Notice”).

The transmission planning aspect of the Proposed Rule includes timeframe, identification of needs, evaluation of facility benefits, and increased transparency. Transmission providers would be required to identify transmission needs based on changes in resource mix and demand via long-term scenarios that meet the requirements set forth in the Proposed Rule. They would further be required to assess the benefits of regional transmission facilities to meet the identified needs over a minimum timeframe of 20 years from the in-service date of the given facilities. The Proposed Rule would also mandate the establishment of transparent and not unduly discriminatory criteria to select transmission facilities and further coordination between regional and local transmission planning to identify “right-size” replacement transmission facilities. Certain technologies such as dynamic line ratings and advanced power flow control devices would also need to be considered.

The regional transmission cost allocation part of the Proposed Rule emphasizes state involvement. Specifically, public utility transmission providers would be required to seek the agreement of the relevant state entities within the given transmission planning region with respect to the cost allocation methods that would apply to transmission facilities selected in the regional transmission plan. These providers would then revise their open access transmission tariffs to include those methods. Initial comments on the Proposed Rule are due 75 days after its publication in the Federal Register.

The Advanced Notice had also included a request for comments on interconnection queue reform (among other topics), but the Proposed Rule did not address this topic directly. Instead, FERC indicated that it would continue to evaluate the record and would address other possible inadequacies in subsequent proceedings. The need for changes to the interconnection queue process has recently been a major topic of discussion, including PJM’s proposal announced April 28, 2022 (“Interconnection Proposal”), to have a two year transition period to work through backlogged projects submitted before 2021. The Interconnection Proposal also includes plans to address projects on a first-ready, first served basis instead of first come, first served. PJM would further simplify its cost responsibility analysis of individual projects by combining projects within the same cycle. Projects that would not increase network upgrade needs or would not need facilities studies would also be expedited. PJM plans to file the Interconnection Proposal with FERC in May.

Foley is committed to helping our clients in the Energy sector in markets nationwide. If you have any questions about these developments, please contact Lynn Parins, Rikaela Greane or your Foley attorney.

- Michael J. Small and Samantha Ruppenthal
Electrifying a Fleet Presents Opportunities for Local Grid Stability and Revenue for Fleet Owners

In our March 15 article, EV Buses: Arriving Now and Here to Stay, we discussed the opportunities being created when fleet operators shift powertrains from internal combustion engines (ICE) to electric vehicle engines (EV). With reduced maintenance costs, government subsidization, and vehicles predicted to operate more reliably than current fossil fuel consuming alternatives, the case for switching fleet operations from ICE to EV seems to sell itself, in theory. When you look at an EV, it’s more than just a hunk of metal, rubber, and fuel – it’s all of that and an extremely large battery pack with tremendous amounts of potential energy stored within. Is there the potential to harness a large collection of battery packs for energy storage banks, grid demand normalization, and backup-battery services? The answer is a resounding “yes!”

For many, an ICE vehicle serves a wonderful purpose while in use. They’re reliable, fuel is abundant, and they are great at moving people and goods at low cost over long distances. But, ICE fleets don’t provide any services when they are sitting idle. When not in use, they act as cost centers, not accretive to the bottom line. They don’t offer supplemental income when not in use and you can’t really rent out your bus fleet overnight without risking availability for the morning route. In fact, the average school bus is in use approximately six hours a day, 200 days annually, and are otherwise parked or idled when not in operation (which is particularly true during summer months). During the summer, when demand for electricity is often at its highest), clean energy stored in idled electric school buses can provide an energy resource to the grid that traditional ICE vehicles can’t provide. 

EVs, on the other hand, can be something else entirely; their collection of battery packs are capable of repetitively collecting, storing, and discharging energy. The energy they store can come from a variety of sources such as renewable, nuclear, and even traditional fossil fuel sources. With no limitations on their source of power for storage, it’s the battery packs in these EVs that are key. Modern battery systems are capable of charging and discharging without prohibitive degradation. The potential energy stored within, and the ability to consistently replace it, can be harnessed to stabilize the grid when energy supply and demand are volatile, to act as a backup power supply when the grid goes down, as a mobile power supply source, or to store energy and sell back to the grid when electric prices are more favorable. This usage underpins the concepts of Vehicle-2-Grid (V2G) and the microgrid application for EVs.

Vehicle-2-Grid is the process of allowing power to flow in both directions for electric vehicles, from the grid to the vehicle and from the vehicle to the grid, when needed. The U.S. Department of Energy defines a microgrid as ”a group of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources within clearly defined electrical boundaries that acts as a single controllable entity with respect to the grid.” Microgrids often have a form of energy generation (such as localized renewable or fossil fuel generation systems), load, and storage (like a fleet of EV buses), all locally defined within a boundary, and typically controlled by a microgrid controller. In the framework of a microgrid, V2G technology fills the void required to be filled by a home or community battery backup or energy storage unit. Rather than large, single use battery banks – capable of only storing and discharging electricity – the integration of V2G technology into the microgrid provides a multifaceted use for the battery bank. With V2G, you have a primary usage as transportation fleet, and energy storage in the form of batteries when transportation services are not needed.

Vehicle-2-Grid and microgrids are a match made in heaven, with idle EVs being used as storage banks for surplus power, and that power being transferred back to the grid when the opportunity or need arises. In current applications, these storage banks take the form of large battery packs stored in isolation (such as Tesla’s Megapack in Australia). And, of course, there are some instances of vehicles being used to power homes in recent natural disasters (such as the new Ford Lightning). These two applications are merged and put into use in V2G technology and microgrid systems, with the fleet vehicles serving the dual purposes of both the Megapack and Lightning.

While this may all seem merely theoretical, V2G and the microgrid process has already seen real-world applications in the White Plains, NY and Beverly, Mass. school districts. In December 2020, the White Plains district’s five EV buses started selling excess power stored on their bus battery packs back to Con Edison, the community’s local energy provider. According to news reports, “[t]he buses serve as mobile microgrids, charging and discharging at a depot in North White Plains. They plug into a charger when demand for power from Con Ed is low, and reverse the flow into the grid when the buses aren’t taking kids to and from school.” Similarly, the Beverly, MA school district delivered power back to the energy grid for over fifty hours during the summer of 2021. Utilizing a Thomas Built Buses Saf-T-Liner C2 Jouley electric school bus with a Proterra Powered battery system, the district’s school buses discharged nearly three megawatt-hours of electricity to the electric grid over the course of 30 events that summer. The Beverly, MA district noted “[b]y delivering stored clean energy back to the grid when it’s needed most, electric school buses can help create a more resilient local power system and reduce the dependence on expensive fossil fuel power plants.” And with the added benefit of the local energy grid compensating participants for distributing stored energy to the grid, participants are able to further defray the cost of V2G early adoption as well as improving the economics of community transportation systems.

More recently, the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) announced their plan to install a microgrid consisting of 34 new bus chargers, solar panels, and over 45 electric buses. Driven by the California Air Resources Board’s requirement for public transit agencies to be 100% zero emission by 2040, the microgrid is expected to draw power from both the grid and enter “island mode” in the event of grid disruption and provide operational flexibility for purchasing power from the grid. The VTA noted “This project combines several VTA goals.  It shifts us toward greener sources of energy, saves VTA money that can be reallocated to other operating needs, and provides the infrastructure to charge our next batch of zero-emission buses.  Our riders will benefit from a newer, quieter fleet and we will decrease our contribution toward climate change and poor air quality.”

Using their EV fleets for their primary purpose, transportation, and secondary purpose, energy storage for reselling back to the grid, fleet operators could find alternative revenue streams during non-operational times for better capital asset utilization, and increasing ROI, as has been showcase in Beverly, MA’s recent fleet operations. While the establishment of these frameworks is in an early stage, it’s safe to say the future of greener mobility will likely have a solid foundation in EV fleet operations that help communities better manage access to reliable and affordable energy resources.

- Hillary N. Vedvig
ABA 51st Conference on Environmental Law – ESG For Gen Z Panel

Foley Associate Hillary Vedvig recently presented at the American Bar Association’s 51st Annual Conference on Environmental Law in San Francisco, California. The Conference focused on the future of environmental law and how emerging topics and trends are fundamentally changing environmental law practices, including COVID-19, climate change, and emerging contaminants. The conference explored how the transformative movements over the past year have impacted business, environmental protection, and the engagement of diverse stakeholders. Panels and speakers addressed novel approaches on solutions to climate change, sustainability, clean air, agriculture, chemical management, natural disaster response, and other transformative issues.

Hillary also had the opportunity to present on a panel titled “ESG for Gen Z: Sustainable Finance and How Young People Are ‘Voting with Their Wallets’ and Raising the Bar on What’s Expected of Green-Minded Corporations.” In their discussion, they dug into questions related to sustainable finance, the proposed rulemaking by the Securities and Exchange Commission addressing greenhouse gas emissions reporting, and a variety of Environmental, Social, and Governance (“ESG”) initiatives and issues. The panel was moderated by Jill Cooper, Senior Principal at Geosyntec Consultants and Hillary’s co-panelists were Roger Martella, Chief Sustainability Officer at General Electric and Maram Salaheldin of Clark Hill. They addressed how consumers, investors, and employees are looking at the environmental and social impact of companies, especially from a Gen Z perspective. As companies start the process of making more extensive commitments on ESG metrics, they stressed the need for careful consideration of making ESG promises or commitments and how accountability will factor into whether such commitments by companies will truly make a difference, both the environment, and to consumers. The panel touched on topics that continue many new and existing discussions on ESG, which is becoming a more central topic in every day conversations in a variety of industry sectors, and from boardrooms to living rooms. 

Stay tuned as new developments come up on ESG considerations, where Foley is committed to helping our clients navigate in this evolving area.  For more information, please contact Hillary Vedvig or your Foley attorney.

- R. Lynn Parins
Wisconsin Adds EV Charging Infrastructure, Microgrids and Resiliency Improvements to PACE

The State of Wisconsin adopted a suite of amendments to its PACE statute (Wis. Stat. § 66.0627(8)) on March 14, 2022 through 2021 Wisconsin Act 175 (the “Act”).1  The Act was the only major clean energy bill that passed during the 2021-2022 legislative session in Wisconsin, and it made some key modernizations to the Wisconsin PACE statute summarized as follows:

Eligible Measures: The Act expanded the suite of improvements to real property that are eligible for PACE financing. These expansions include the following: Reliability improvements such as energy storage, backup power generation or microgrid improvements; EV infrastructure improvements; Resiliency Improvements that increase resilience or improve the durability of infrastructure, including storm, wind fire and flooding resiliency measures (provided if a floodplain zoning ordinance applies to the subject property, and the building is nonconforming, the improvements must bring the property into conformance, and if the local municipality participates in the National Flood Insurance Program, the property owner obtains required flood insurance); and Storm water control measures, which include structural or nonstructural measures designed to mitigate storm water runoff (such as green roofs, infiltration systems, constructed wetlands and swales—but not including rain barrels). Lien: The amendments clarified that the PACE special charge runs with the land (and still has the same priority as a special assessment lien in Wisconsin).The PACE special charge lien remains a springing lien, however, triggered on delinquency. Term: PACE financings may now not exceed a 30-year term. Expansion of Private Enforcement Rights: The Act now specify that the foreclosure of a PACE special charge must occur through the in rem procedures set forth in Wis. Stat. § 75.521 (which the vast majority of Wisconsin PACE financing agreements and/or ordinances already specify).(This in rem procedure was previously in alternative to the tax deed and certificate sale procedure that is now otherwise available only to non-PACE special charge delinquencies.)Additionally, the Act clarified that a county may delegate to a private third party the “right to take judgement” to a parcel subject to an in rem foreclosure process using the pre-existing assignment procedures set forth in Wis. Stat. § 75.106 (subject to certain exceptions to make the assignment more streamlined and ignore certain procedures relevant only to environmentally contaminated properties).This change should bring greater certainty to PACE capital providers with respect to the voracity of their security from the PACE special charge. Energy Assessment in Place of Savings Guarantee: The Act eliminated the prior requirement that PACE financings over $250,000 require the borrower to obtain an energy savings guarantee from a contractor or engineer for a savings-to-investment ratio of greater than 1.0.In its place, the Act now require that for energy efficiency, reliability or water efficiency improvements, the borrower obtain an assessment of the expected monetary savings—or in the case of a renewable energy project, the expected monetary benefit from energy generation. This requirement does not apply to an EV charger, resiliency, customer-side water service line replacement (which the statute also allows to be financed through PACE) or storm water control measures. Consent of Mortgage Holder: The Act now makes explicit the requirement that the consent of all holders of a mortgage on the premises consent to the PACE financing as a condition to entering into the PACE loan agreement. Lender consent has been a de facto requirement for PACE financings in Wisconsin in light of pre-existing program requirements. This statutory change simply makes this a legal requirement.

With a record-setting 2021 for PACE in Wisconsin, resulting in over 21 C-PACE transactions representing $53,212,264 in direct clean energy and energy efficiency financing in Wisconsin, the changes to the Wisconsin PACE statute represented by the Act should act as a further catalyst for the growth of clean energy financing in the state.  Foley has an active PACE practice in Wisconsin and in every major PACE market in the country.  We are well positioned to assist you with your PACE financing or PACE program development.

1 For background on PACE and the suite of applications for PACE financings, refer to Foley’s article on the same available here.

- Natalie S. Neals, Jill M. Hale, Colleen E. McKnight, Vi T. Tran, Dania Abbasi, Jennifer Gardner and Elizabeth P. Nevle
“PowerOn!” – Women's Energy Network 2022 Conference

Foley was a Silver Power Sponsor of the WEN 2022 Conference, which was held in person in Fort Worth from April 3-5, 2022.  A number of Foley team members attended the conference along with over 500 attendees from various areas of the energy industry, including development, logistics, operations and management, consulting, financing and legal representatives.  The attendees represented a broad range of the energy sector, ranging from more traditional oil and gas companies to renewable energy developers and everything in between.

Approximately 65 speakers participated in general presentations as well as break-out sessions throughout the conference.  The general sessions focused on broader topics, such as leadership; Diversity, Equity & Inclusion (DE&I); and energy transition.  These presentations discussed attributes of effective leaders (namely, courage, authenticity and inclusivity), the role of women in sustainable energy development, and one presenter’s prediction for future energy transition trends based on data collected by BloombergNEF. 

WEN Conference

The break-out sessions drilled down into more specific topics centered around four “tracks”: DE&I; leadership; regulatory, legal and financial; and technical.  Popular topics included:

Energy Transition:  Emerging/growing industries, such as carbon capture, utilization and storage (“CCUS”), hydrogen fuel, batteries and offshore wind.  Panelists discussed technological improvements and future challenges and the need for balance between historical and new energy sources.   Decarbonization, including new and emerging technologies as well as the strategies adopted by various companies to reach a goal of “net-zero” and the challenges that they face. Venture Capital - panelists discussed how clean energy transition has impacted investment strategies, new opportunities, and emerging trends in venture capital activity. 

 

Regulatory:  Environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) matters, including an in-depth look at each category and how companies can address each area.  Panelists also discussed the SEC’s climate disclosure proposal and the growing importance of metrics, tracking and reporting on these topics. The state of the past and present energy policy in Mexico. Clean Water Act, including an overview of the Waters of the United States (“WOTUS”) and a recent policy shift by the Army Corps of Engineers.

 

Cybersecurity:  Panelists discussed trends in cyber-attacks, including attack techniques, and what companies can do to protect themselves from an attack.   

Foley is committed to helping our clients in the Energy sector.  For more information, please contact Natalie Neals, Jill Hale, Colleen McKnight, Vi Tran, Dania Abbasi, Jenny Gardner, Elizabeth Nevle or your Foley attorney.

- David Markey
2022 Infocast Solar + Wind Finance & Power Investment Summit

A large number of key players in the renewable energy industry, including investors, developers and banks converged in Scottsdale Arizona on March 7-March 9 for the Annual Infocast Solar + Wind Finance & Investment Summit. This was the first annual in person Finance & Investment summit since the beginning of the pandemic and, as was extremely well attended. A large team of Foley attorneys were there from offices across the US and Mexico City.  Foley's event on March 7 was attended by over 290 clients, friends and attendees.

Foley partner David Markey moderated a panel on the topic of "Opportunities & Value Drivers in a Dynamic M&A Market”. The panel focused on topics such as what is driving investment strategies in the renewable energy sector, which sector might be more favorable, whether the booming year of 2021 would be followed by a similar 2022 and other key trends in the M&A market.

Infocast 2022 Foley 

The panel, with representatives from Southern Power, Nautilus Solar, Boralex and Scale Microgrid Solutions had a very insightful conversation. Some key takeaways were that money continues to flow both domestically and internationally into the US renewable energy market and that as of the beginning of March 2022, sellers were well placed to take advantage of that dynamic. The consensus was that this trend may continue throughout 2022. IPP investors and buyers would need to be creative in finding value in specific projects given the amount of institutional dollars that were available in the market. For some, those investment strategies may center around specific projects where value could be optimized such as state and local incentives, rather than the traditional ITC drivers. Strong projects with clear supply chain would continue to be sought after.

For others, it may be that if they do not have an urgency to deploy capital because of investment criteria it may be a game of patience and waiting for the right project or some other shift in the market (whether it be a larger geopolitical shift or otherwise).  It should be noted that the panel had this discussion prior to the announcement by the US Department of Commerce to take up an investigation into anti-circumvention claims with respect to solar equipment. The conversation may have been different had it occurred after that announcement.

For more information on the Department of Commerce anti-circumvention investigation, please see Foley’s blog post here.

- Michael J. Walsh, Jr. and Jeffery R. Atkin
Commerce to Investigate Alleged Solar Circumvention

On March 28, 2022, the U.S. Department of Commerce announced it would launch an investigation into alleged circumvention of duties for solar panels imported into the United States from Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Commerce based its decision on a petition from a domestic solar manufacturer that alleged, in effect, Chinese manufacturers improperly shifted certain aspects of production to those four countries solely for the purpose of evading duties originally imposed in 2012. The domestic petitioner argues this alleged circumvention makes it impossible for domestic manufacturers to compete against panels made in Asia. Last December, Commerce rejected a similar domestic petition on the grounds that it was filed anonymously and sought duties on specific companies instead of specific countries.

Here the Commerce Department found “[i]nformation provided by [petitioner] indicates that multiple companies in Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam, rather than a single company, have the facilities necessary to conduct the processing in question and that subsidiaries of Chinese companies that are located in these countries source numerous solar cell and panel inputs from China.” Solar panel imports from these four countries account for approximately 80% of overall solar panel imports to the U.S.

Solar industry trade groups opposed the petition and warned of severe market disruptions in the event of a Commerce investigation. Commerce stated this investigation is just a “first step,” but it remains to be seen whether this will calm the market. Commerce stated it will issue a preliminary determination in 150 days, on August 25.

Foley’s Renewable Energy practice has deep experience in all aspects of the solar industry, as well as extensive experience with the Department of Commerce. If you have any questions about Commerce’s determination or its impact on your business, please contact Mike Walsh, Jeff Atkin, or your Foley lawyer. Jeff is the co-chair of Foley’s Energy practice, and Mike is the former chief of staff and acting general counsel at the U.S. Department of Commerce.

- craigshields
Welcome to 2GreenEnergy.  We’re Glad You’re Here.  (A “Sticky” Post)
To those who have been with us since our inception in 2009, as well as to those who are just joining us now for the first time, here’s a brief summary of what we at 2GreenEnergy are all about.  We …

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- craigshields
Don’t Americans Enjoy Unlimited Gun Rights?
In response to this post, which contains the data point that the U.S. has suffered 200+ mass shootings in the first 144 days of 2020, a gun nut reader responds: Reader: More than one shooting daily? On what planet?  … …

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- craigshields
Putting Guns into Perspective
We need to recognize that anything, regardless of how evil, can exist if there is enough money associated with it.  Consider for a moment dealers in child slavery, distributors of heroin, those expanding the fossil fuel industry, and the manufacturers …

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- craigshields
Saying No To Common Sense Gun Laws
Those AR-15s really are the weapon of choice, aren’t they? From this: Soon after (Texas governor Gregg) Abbott announced the death of the children and a teacher at Robb Elementary School in the town of Uvalde, Texas, about 130 km …

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- craigshields
Lawmakers of Intelligence and Kindness Are a Dying Breed
Yesterday I wrote a post in which I praised Connecticut senator Chris Murphy for his terrifically informative and inspiring speech on violence in America. Given our country’s demand for political demagogues, it’s really remarkable that people like Murphy continue to …

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- craigshields
Violence in America Isn’t Growing By Accident
Here’s one of the most powerful speeches you’ll ever hear, given by the junior senator from Connecticut, Chris Murphy, speaking on racism and violence, and how it’s used to the political advantage of certain demagogues. People like Donald Trump exploit …

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- craigshields
Hungarian Dictator Instructs U.S. Right Wing: You Must Have Your Own Media
I’m not sure this is something the U.S. hard-line right-wing doesn’t already understand.  Fox News, Newsmax, OAN, and the others don’t exist by accident. Look at Vladimir Putin.  How far do you think he would have gotten in Ukraine if …

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- craigshields
Pope Francis Gets It Right–Yet One More Time
It’s been a while since I mentioned that Pope Francis is among the most compassionate leaders of a large group of people that humankind has ever known. The meme here, of course, is a reference to the Catholic archbishop of …

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- craigshields
Survival Is the Exception
This gem is from 20th Century American astronomer and philosopher Carl Sagan. There is no reason to expect that organized human civilization will persist indefinitely, even under the best of circumstances.  And these aren’t exactly “the best of circumstances,” are …

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- craigshields
Newsmax: A New Low for Americans
How to explain Newsmax to those who may be unfamiliar with it? How about this: It’s like Fox News, but without all the deeply sincere concern for truth, accuracy, fairness, objectivity, and journalistic integrity. OK, but is it possible that …

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- craigshields
Louisiana GOP Senator Bill Cassidy Doesn’t Seem to Concern Himself with the Rate at which Black Mothers Die
Here’s a guy with everything required to be a successful politician in Louisiana: white, tall, jutting chin, and a remarkable indifference to the well-being of black people.
- Florent Petitfrere
The cannibalization effect occurs when renewables of the same generation profile produce simultaneously, depressing the wholesale electricity price. But we guess you have heard that already. What we rarely talk about is the ‘why’ this phenomenon happens, so we decided to take action. This in-depth guide was inspired by the questions we have been receiving […]
- Florent Petitfrere
Are you looking for a better way to price green energy contracts? Do you want to introduce risk management for your renewable energy portfolios? Then we can help. Find us in hall 2, booth 112 to discuss anything from PPA transactions, negotiations and analysis to portfolio construction and hedging strategies. Expect decent coffee and interesting […]
- Florent Petitfrere
Get Europe’s most extensive renewables industry report
Welcome to Europe’s most extensive renewables focused research project. Complete this survey to receive a comprehensive industry report detailing market trends, opportunities and risks for renewables market players in 2022 and beyond. Survey Link Approximate survey completion time: 10 minutes Your renewables industry report will be sent to you, using the contact details you provide, […]
- Florent Petitfrere
Watch this webinar on-demand to learn how energy storage can optimise returns for your renewable projects. We’ll consider learnings from advanced US renewable markets and showcase PexaQuote’s new energy storage pricing data. Leaving you with a clear understanding of how hybrid projects can maximise your long term economic returns. Using Pexapark’s price reference platform, we’ll […]
- Florent Petitfrere
Get Europe’s most extensive renewables industry report
Welcome to Europe’s most extensive renewables focused research project. Complete this survey to receive a comprehensive industry report detailing market trends, opportunities and risks for renewables market players in 2022 and beyond. Survey Link Approximate survey completion time: 10 minutes Your renewables industry report will be sent to you, using the contact details you provide, […]
- Maritina Kanellakopoulou
Risk reporting – If your portfolio is changing, why would your reporting system remain the same?
Renewables is the fastest growing commodities sector, and your electricity portfolio needs to be managed accordingly. Future growth should not be dependent only on past performance. If your business is forward-looking, so needs to be your reporting. Let us explain what we mean. The days when a portfolio exclusively comprised subsidised assets with a fair […]
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Battery storage: how can a storage facility improve your solar yield?
Energy storage solutions are not merely excellent flexibility assets for the grid. They can also improve a solar asset’s revenue through wholesale trading. The eagerly awaited era of co-location is here. Don’t forget to watch our webinar on-demand  ‘Co-located energy storage: how to increase your renewable project value’  hosted by Brian Knowles, Senior Energy Storage […]
- Sumon Vangchuay
The client Finerge is the second largest renewable energy producer in Portugal, with a growing portfolio in Spain. The company is owned by First Sentier Investors, an asset management firm focused on sustainable investment, managing over €160 billion across various asset classes. Finerge currently operates 69 wind farms and 17 solar plants, in strategic locations […]
- Maritina Kanellakopoulou
“How do I commit to volumes I don’t know I will have?” – Pexapark strongly believes that there’s a crystal clear answer to this question. The golden hedge of Pay-as-Produced (PAP) for European PPAs is ending. As PPA markets are maturing, volume structures to accommodate new needs are changing accordingly. But lenders and developers still […]
- Florent Petitfrere
The year 2021 will possibly remain in history as a living example of the challenges behind managing renewables exposed to price risk. Watch our webinar on replay to learn about: Analysis of PPA activity since 2018: what are the key messages behind the data? Review of the prominent events that will impact the evolution of […]
- E-Smart Solar
  Once you get a solar system installed, you’ll probably still have questions. Some of those might be related to what kind of metering changes you’ll see, and whether there’s anything else you need to do in order to make sure your system is working correctly and everything’s set up right. You want to get … Continue reading "What Needs to Happen With My Metering?"
- E-Smart Solar

 

We were very keen to put on a solar battery to backup our solar panels and it was a way of obviously using solar electricity into the nighttime to contribute to the greater picture, to even out the peaks and troughs because there’s a lot of people taking on solar panels. But I do like the idea of generating power close to the source and using it where we are and using the battery to sustain things through the evening for our local use and for moving to the whole grid.

We’ve put on high quality panels with this latest installation, and they’ve been very good. Our first set of panels that we installed around 2008 wasn’t nearly as efficient as the new ones so we’ve moved those to a less good part of the roof and put our best panels in the best sunspot. So many people say that panels don’t work when the sun’s not up, but we see that on a grey day, even on a wet day, we are actually producing quite a lot of power and it’s really impressive and we’re really thrilled.

I do like the way we can now also check the output of our panels through the apps, which we weren’t able to do with the panels we had in the beginning so we can see they actually perform very well.

High Quality Solar Power System Installation by E-Smart Solar

I particularly wanted to get a local company (E-Smart Solar) that we knew would have to have a good reputation locally. It was good to have somebody come to the house and do a quotation, look at your situation. The team from E-Smart Solar were very consultative. They asked what we wanted every step of the way, they did very neat work and worked extremely hard and our little cottage looks very good. I also liked the fact that the battery and solar installation is quite visible so I can share it with friends and visitors and say, look, this actually works.

Planning on going solar but you’re not sure where to start? E-Smart can help you with that. Contact us today for more information.

- E-Smart Solar
  Right now Australia’s seeing an installation boom in rooftop solar systems. Given the immense popularity of solar, it may seem like just about every household has a solar system. If you don’t have solar, maybe you are planning to get it in the future.    We often come across a subset of people who … Continue reading "Why You Shouldn’t Wait for Breakthroughs in Solar Battery Tech Before Installing Solar"
- E-Smart Solar

 

Meet our dear customer, Fiona. Read her story of what her environmental reasons are for buying a high quality solar power system.

I’m Fiona, we’re in Katoomba in the Blue Mountains. John and I are both very keen and passionate birdwatchers, and we’re conservationists and I see alternative energy as a wider umbrella that we all fit together to contribute back to the planet.

I love nature. I want things to continue to be beautiful and I think we’re part of a bigger picture and we all need to contribute to that but we need to make this planet last longer and be as beautiful as it always has been.

We’ve been very happy to become more self-sustainable, environmental and I thought doing solar energy was our first step. It was very achievable and I do like that domestic way of making a contribution to the larger picture.

Solar energy is a big part and something we have really concentrated on. We really wanted to be early adopters on taking on the solar revolution so that we could personally make a contribution that we felt we could do and we’ve actually found it quite easy to do, not as intimidating or as difficult as you’d think. We’re now completely self-sufficient without electric power. I think we’ve paid about 18 cents in power since we went solar.

High efficiency solar panels

I would recommend a high quality solar. I’ve always been very keen on buying good quality products and E-Smart Solar was able to provide that. I want things to last and don’t want things to go to the tip all the time, it’s a lot of waste. If you can buy good quality stuff in the beginning, make it go for a long time. It’s good to have a local company like E-Smart Solar that will come and give you back up if there are any problems, tweak things a little bit if they need to be and if you want to expand in the future, which we plan to do.

Help the environment today by going solar. Talk to us.

- E-Smart Solar

The potential cost-of-living savings is always a big factor when Aussies are deciding to purchase a solar system. E-Smart Solar customers recognise once their solar system is in place, their household can begin to drive down energy bills and even earn some income back from their system exporting energy via a feed-in-tariff (FIT). But this isn’t the only area in which the right solar system can deliver big savings in the long term.

 

There’s a big difference between a quality solar installer and the alternative, and this applies to solar products too. If you get a reputable solar installer to install well-made components with a long-term warranty, you’ll be set to reap the rewards for years to come. So let’s look now at how a long-term warranty on solar parts can save you money.

 

How Warranties Work

 

For anyone yet to be familiar with the warranties process in Australia a quick overview will help. It’s necessary to keep in mind some variables can exist here. For example, if a manufacturer has an office in Australia they’re responsible for their warranties, yet if not, it’ll be the importer who is responsible for them. But the following is an overview of the regulations and common approaches to warranties across the nation. 

 

Australian Consumer Warranties

 

As the ACCC details Australian Consumer Law (ACL) confirms goods sold in Australia must be of acceptable quality and fit for purpose. There can be certain exceptions to this. For instance, if someone clearly advertises and sells a used car for sale as ‘for parts only’, then it wouldn’t be reasonable for someone who has purchased it to complain the car wasn’t working properly. But there is no ‘opt-out’ clause for any business in following the ACL – it’s mandatory when operating in Australia. So unless the seller specifically makes a potential buyer aware parts are not of acceptable quality and fit for purpose, the buyer has a right to expect what they buy is in good working condition.

 

Installer Warranty

This warranty is commonly offered by an installer of a solar system. Although this does not directly cover the parts and operation of the solar system, it covers the workmanship. If it emerges that a mistake has occurred or a fault has arisen as a result of the installation and/or subsequent workmanship within the warranty period, then the installer will be on the hook to remedy it.

 

Manufacturer’s Warranty 

 

A manufacturer’s warranty is an important consideration when looking to save on costs over the years. This warranty is provided by a manufacturer to cover the parts (AKA panel product) and operation (AKA performance) of a solar system. A manufacturer that offers a long-term warranty sends a signal their products are made with quality parts, and they warrant their performance. Yes, a long-term warranty is by default a long time to make a promise, but given a manufacturer gets a competitive advantage over other businesses who will not warrant an extended period, it’s certainly right and fair to expect they’ll honour that promise.

 

Saving Time and Money

 

What can make a long-term manufacturing warranty so worthwhile from a savings perspective? It comes down to the two aforementioned promises that a manufacturer offers. They give an undertaking surrounding the parts and operation of their products.

 

The Parts

If at any time during the parts warranty its components fail due to a manufacturer’s defect, the customer will have a remedy available to them. While solar systems are unquestionably a great investment, it’s no secret the upfront cost of purchase and installation can require many Aussies households to save up for a time. A long-term warranty can help ensure a household won’t be left having to fork out another chunk of cash to get new solar products. This is unfortunately something many Aussies have had to do when they’ve purchased solar products from providers who maximise affordability at the expense of quality. Ultimately these Aussies have had to eventually pay for repair or replacement – and financially this can be a very painful lesson to learn. 

 

It’s necessary to note the inverter is of course a part of the solar system but is usually treated differently for warranty purposes. We discuss the particulars regarding inverter warranty timelines in the conclusion below. 

 

The Operations

 

An inferior system might work on day 1, but over time its performance can decline. This means it won’t generate as much electricity as it once did – certainly not as much as a reputable system would – and may stop working altogether! This is really unfortunate, but in absence of a performance warranty, the solar system owner has little option but to put up with the performance decline, or opt for the previously mentioned avenues of costly repairs or replacement of the whole system. Where it concerns the operation of a system with highly respected solar products, a long-term warranty on the components will ensure the system’s operation will continue effectively* during this period.

 

*Subject to the specific terms of the warranty.

 

No Daily Dramas

 

Obtaining a warranty from a reputable manufacturer also offers peace of mind as you go about your daily life. This is because you can usually have a far greater certainty that a trusted business will still be trading in many years’ time as opposed to one that seems to offer a ‘great’ deal today – but may not even be there next year! If utilising a questionable installer with questionable parts, the odds of them ceasing operation in time – and thus leaving customers high and dry – is far greater. 

 

Making the Most of the Years

 

Warranties help provide some peace of mind when it comes to a solar installation. But it’s true there are additional steps that are always good form to practice where it concerns managing a solar installation from one year to the next. Ensuring a system gets regular checks and maintenance done is a great way to keep it in optimal condition from one year to the next.

 

So How Long is the Right Warranty?

 

E-Smart Solar are a talented team of qualified electricians and solar specialists. You can enjoy access to the very best products on the market, at the very best price.

 

LG Solar Panel Warranty. LG solar panels are manufactured in a fully automated manufacturing facility in Gumi, South Korea and come with a 25 year parts and labour product warranty and 25 year performance warranty held here in Australia by LG Electronics.

 

SMA inverters offer multi-award winning inverter design with quality European components. Their 5 year manufacturers warranty can be extended to an optional 25 years

 

Fronius inverters offer extended warranties (of up to 20 years) with award-winning design, and are reliable and efficient in Australian conditions

 

SolarEdge Inverters come with warranties of up to 12 years. They can also monitor the performance of each module for enhanced, cost-effective module-level maintenance.

 

Whichever combination of these warranties you acquire with your new solar system, hiring a quality solar installer that utilises trusted components and pursuing long-term warranties surrounding their system provides many benefits. There will be much greater peace of mind knowing the odds of something going wrong are far smaller, and in the unlikely event it does they’ve some additional protection to remedy it with their long-term warranties in place. 

 

E-Smart Solar delivers only the best for our Blue Mountains and Hawkesbury customers. For more information on our warranties contact us today.

- E-Smart Solar
We’re Certified Carbon Neutral!

We are proud that E-Smart Solar is the first solar company in NSW to be Climate Active certified. Climate Active certification is an important step in our journey to being a more sustainable and environmentally conscious organisation.

We are located at the base of the World Heritage listed Blue Mountains, so we understand the importance of our environmental impact as a business. We have chose to be carbon neutral, hoping this heritage site can be enjoyed, as it is today, for generations to come.

So what does this all mean?

The Climate Active brand is a simple yet powerful way for companies to demonstrate to customers and stakeholders that they have a credible and transparent claim of carbon neutrality. It is the only government accredited carbon neutral certification scheme in Australia.

The Climate Active brand represents Australia’s collective effort to calculate, reduce, and offset carbon emissions to lessen our negative impact on the environment. The Climate Active certification is awarded to businesses and organisations that have credibly reached a state of achieving net zero emissions, otherwise known as carbon neutrality.

acting today for tomorrow Climate Active Network Memebr

“Understanding where our carbon emissions are coming from and where we can reduce these emissions has helped us manage parts of our business more efficiently.” What can homeowners do?

The best thing homeowners can do to support us is to take the time to understand the solar system they are buying. Additionally, customers can also support us through understanding that the environmental benefits of solar power are the main reason we do what we do as well as helping homeowners and business owners to reduce their carbon footprint – not just their power bills.

Speak to our expert solar team about how you can reduce your carbon footprint.

- E-Smart Solar
Whether solar panels lose efficiency can be partially affected by the way the panels are treated. But that’s not the only thing that could cause a lack of efficiency. The best thing you can do for your solar panels is gain knowledge about what problems to look for, so you can catch issues early. You … Continue reading "Do Solar Panels Lose Efficiency?"
- E-Smart Solar

We first started thinking about solar to be more environmental, and we’re quite environmentally aware here at home and we’d thought it’d be a great benefit better for us. We decided that it’s the right thing to do. I think it’s very important to try to be as environmental as possible, renewable energy is the way to go.

Fossil fuels are obviously causing damage to the environment so we’ve got to think about our future energy usage. It’s our environment, it’s the future. We’ve got to think about what’s going to happen, it’s just so important. We’ve got to think about climate change, biodiversity, the environment, and just got to look after the world and start somewhere.

Contributions of solar in renewable energy

Renewable energy is growing and we’ve got to use it. Every little step that people can do is fantastic. Solar, solar panels, solar energy, is a small thing we can do. It’s getting less expensive all the time and it’s worth giving a go if we can. We’re actually exporting power to the grid. At the moment, we’re getting 21 cents a kilowatt which is making it a little bit more financially rewarding as well too. We’re using energy from the sun to power our house and we’re also exporting power to the grid. It’s a win-win situation.

- E-Smart Solar

 

From the initial contact we make with our clients in the Blue Mountains and Hawkesbury, we try to find out what their expectations are around what they’re going to get out of the solar system and that’ll almost always involve going to the site, meeting them face-to-face, getting a good understanding of what the site’s like and just managing their expectations about what it’s going to achieve.

If they’re looking at other solar systems online or from other providers, they might see a system that is $3,000 or $4,000 and it’s just not going to do what they think it might do. Being able to have a face-to-face with the client and explain the pros and cons of what we offer, versus what that system might offer, gives them a better understanding of what solar can do to help them.

The importance of researching about Solar

There’s a lot of misinformation online about what’s good and what’s bad. So again, being able to have a face-to-face discussion with a customer is always helpful. People that do more research before we get there and before we start the conversation is always beneficial because the more educated the customer is, the more they understand and the more research a customer can do and the better the understanding they have of the products that are out there, the better the decision they will make at the end of the day.

Planning on going solar but you’re not sure where to start? E-Smart can help you with that. Contact us today for more information.

- E-Smart Solar

 

We initially did have a system put in several years ago. It was a small system of 1.5 kilowatts, but it was a start for us. It cost about $3,000 for the system at that time. The new panels are probably twice the power of the old panels and only marginally 50% bigger, giving us a greater output from the same sized space we’ve got on the house. They’re twice the efficient and we’re getting more power out of the sun. We had the old panels sided to a less efficient part of the house -the roof and so we got the new panels on the more efficient part of the roof, which was fantastic. There was a combination of the old and the new and it’s working tremendously.

High efficiency solar panels

We decided to spend more on our panels this time because we wanted something that we could trust, something that was reliable and we decided that we just wanted quality solar panels. That, as well as the brand name which also gives the best performance. We wanted to have quality products.

Since we’ve had the new panels and a power wall installed, we’ve been 100% self-sufficient energy-wise. It’s all worked tremendously, it’s been seamless. If the power goes out in the street, we don’t even notice it at home. It just completely kicks in.

- Dory Larsen
Electric Transportation is a Pro-American Solution

We Can’t Drill Our Way Out Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has shined a light on how tenuous our reliance on fossil fuels is and the volatility of a product dependent on globalization.…

The post Electric Transportation is a Pro-American Solution appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Cary Ritzler
Georgians are Speaking Up About Georgia Power’s Energy Plan

The Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) is making important decisions that impact household electricity bills and Georgia’s air and water quality as it considers Georgia Power’s proposed 2022 Integrated Resource Plan (IRP).…

The post Georgians are Speaking Up About Georgia Power’s Energy Plan appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Stan Cross
North Carolina’s Electric Transportation Planning Hits High Gear, But the Climb Ahead is Steep

A cornerstone of North Carolina Governor Cooper’s ambitious decarbonization vision is charting a zero-emission transportation future by increasing the total number of zero-emission vehicles in the state to at least 1,250,000 and…

The post North Carolina’s Electric Transportation Planning Hits High Gear, But the Climb Ahead is Steep appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Brady Watson
KUB breaks ground on community solar project, but many details remain unclear 

On Friday, April 29th, the Knoxville Utilities Board (KUB) broke ground on a new 1 megawatt (MW) community solar project located in front of the city’s Public Works Building on a brownfield…

The post KUB breaks ground on community solar project, but many details remain unclear  appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Pearl Eva Walker
Coal Ash Town Hall Underscores Need for More Public Oversight of TVA

Update: A May 12th Tennessee Lookout article stated that public records show TVA planned coal ash storage months before informing Memphians. This means TVA waited 6 months before informing the public of…

The post Coal Ash Town Hall Underscores Need for More Public Oversight of TVA appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Susan Glickman
Hands Across the Sand returns to oppose oil drilling

This op-ed written by SACE staff Susan Glickman originally appeared on TheInvadingSea.com on April 20, 2022, and subsequently in The Pensacola News Journal on April 23. It’s been 12 years since an…

The post Hands Across the Sand returns to oppose oil drilling appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Cary Ritzler
SACE is launching a new grassroots campaign in Georgia!

Whether we live in Brunswick or the Blue Ridge, Midtown or Middle Georgia, most of us want a healthy environment, clean and affordable energy, and good jobs for a prosperous future. But…

The post SACE is launching a new grassroots campaign in Georgia! appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Maggie Shober
TVA plans to replace Cumberland coal plant with another fossil fuel

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) filed a draft Environmental Impact Statement, or DEIS, last week to analyze the potential environmental impacts of various possible replacement options for its retiring Cumberland coal plant,…

The post TVA plans to replace Cumberland coal plant with another fossil fuel appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Stan Cross
Electric Vehicles and Clean Energy Will Deliver $1.2 Trillion in Public Health Benefits Alone

The American Lung Association (Lung Association)’s Zeroing in on Healthy Air assessment unpacks the public health and economic consequences of pollution from transportation and electricity generation and the opportunities to solve these…

The post Electric Vehicles and Clean Energy Will Deliver $1.2 Trillion in Public Health Benefits Alone appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Dory Larsen
Toolkit Outlines 11 Ways for Local Governments to Accelerate Electric Transportation

The 2022 update of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy’s Electric Transportation Toolkit for local governments to accelerate electric vehicle adoption is complete! The toolkit includes new and expanded content to meet…

The post Toolkit Outlines 11 Ways for Local Governments to Accelerate Electric Transportation appeared first on SACE | Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.

- Kevin Willard
Helping Save America’s Forests Proves to be Very Rewarding
Helping Save America’s Forests Proves to be Very Rewarding

The American Forest Foundation wins donors. The planet wins trees. KSV wins three shiny new friends: Gold. Gold. And Silver.

- Shaina Kaye
The Expert Perspective: Rounding Up Our Industry Expert Interview Series, Part Two
The Expert Perspective: Rounding Up Our Industry Expert Interview Series, Part Two

In our previous EnergyWire, we revisited a few Industry Expert Interviews that we’ve had over the past two years. As we wind down yet another year of unexpected twists and turns, we find ourselves reflective and looking at the year ahead, gleaning inspiration and gearing up for whatever comes next in 2022. 

There’s no better way to do that than to revisit a few more interviews with some of the best and brightest leaders at purpose-driven companies in the US and Canada. Check out our final round up of Industry Expert Interviews and let us know: as your organization heads into 2022, what are some of the thoughts, ideas and conversations inspiring you the most? We’d love to hear from you!

- Shaina Kaye
The Expert Perspective: Rounding Up Our Industry Expert Interview Series, Part One
The Expert Perspective: Rounding Up Our Industry Expert Interview Series, Part One

At the start of 2020, KSV kicked off Industry Expert Interviews, a new content marketing series we implemented as a way to hear more from purpose-driven organizations around the country, get inspired and have great conversations with innovative and talented individuals.

- Kevin Willard
How 2021 Brought a Shift in Perspective - and New Opportunities - to KSV’s Doorstep
How 2021 Brought a Shift in Perspective - and New Opportunities - to KSV’s Doorstep

2021 sure has thrown the agency world its fair share of curveballs. But with it came new opportunities. We just had to find the right places to take some swings. Among the most notable: a shift in our staffing approach, and how we’ve been able to leverage the MAGNET Global Network, 40 of the most innovative, independently-owned agencies located around the globe.

For the past four decades, KSV has had two addresses. One in Burlington, VT, the other in New York, NY. Employees either lived in VT or NYC. Or close enough to one of those two places to work from the KSV office located there. Not unlike the rest of the industry, if there was an office you go there and work.

- Shaina Kaye
Strategies for Reaching the Ethical, Eco-Conscious Consumer in 2021 and Beyond
Strategies for Reaching the Ethical, Eco-Conscious Consumer in 2021 and Beyond

The COVID-19 pandemic catalyzed a marked shift in the average consumer, highlighting health and well-being as a top consideration for consumer purchasing decisions while simultaneously creating a shift in how consumers made those purchases. The growing urgency of the call to act on climate change, coupled with renewed vigor around support for BIPOC businesses, also meant that consumers significantly changed how and where they were spending their money. 

- Shaina Kaye
Rebranding the Role of the CMO
Rebranding the Role of the CMO

Changing customer needs, shifting client expectations, rapidly evolving technology, unforeseen global circumstances and long overdue social awakenings… plain and simple, marketing is not what it “used to be.” The classic marketing mix of product, price, place and promotion - the 4 P’s seared into the memories of those of us who may have majored in marketing and communications back in the day - has become much more nuanced and a whole lot more complex. 

- Shaina Kaye
Organic Roots: Sunsoil Creative Showcase
Organic Roots: Sunsoil Creative Showcase

At very first glance, Sunsoil, a Vermont-based organic CBD company, may seem like “one of many” when it comes to the increasingly saturated CBD supplement market. But a look through their website, their branding and even a cursory second glance at their story will leave you happily surprised.

- Shaina Kaye
Industry Expert Interview with Sascha Mayer, CEO and Co-Founder of Mamava, Inc.
Industry Expert Interview with Sascha Mayer, CEO and Co-Founder of Mamava, Inc.

Earlier this year, we sat down with Sascha Mayer, CEO and Co-Founder of Mamava, Inc., a fellow B Corporation and women-owned company dedicated to transforming the culture of breastfeeding. Over the past several years, Sascha and her co-founder Christine Dodson have built a successful, mission-driven company that advocates for and empowers women in society and in the workplace, and we are so honored to have had the opportunity to chat with Sascha as part of this interview series. Check out our conversation below:

Two Lessons All Brands Can Learn from Clean Beauty
Two Lessons All Brands Can Learn from Clean Beauty

Today’s consumers are clamoring for the brands they support to be a part of creating a better, more sustainable future. This is readily apparent when it comes to the beauty industry, which after decades of creating countless enemies and being one of many major contributors to the climate crisis, has undergone a period of serious self-discovery and a very public, consumer-driven transformation journey.

- Shaina Kaye
The Ultimate Consideration for the Ever-Changing Customer Journey
The Ultimate Consideration for the Ever-Changing Customer Journey

A quick Google search will tell you that in 2021, customers are different. They have different priorities, different concerns and higher expectations. Those differences significantly affect the customer journey, or the total sum of experiences that customers go through when interacting with your company and brand. 

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- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
California Air Resources Board Releases Draft Scoping Plan Update (Part 2)

CARB opts to stay the course on Cap-and-Trade Program. By Joshua T. Bledsoe, Michael Dreibelbis, and Alicia Robinson  On May 10, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) released its Draft 2022 Scoping Plan Update for public review and comment. Assembly Bill (AB) 32, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32), required...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
California Air Resources Board Releases Draft Scoping Plan Update (Part 1)

The Draft 2022 Scoping Plan Update takes an all-of-the-above approach to decarbonize California. By Joshua T. Bledsoe and Brian McCall On May 10, 2022, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) released its Draft 2022 Scoping Plan Update for public review and comment. Originally, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 required CARB to develop...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
White House Announces New Initiatives and Guidance on Clean Energy Transition

CCUS and clean hydrogen will play a significant role in the Administration’s efforts to address hard-to-decarbonize industries to promote clean US manufacturing. By Janice Schneider, Nikki Buffa, and Kevin Homrighausen On February 15, 2022, the White House announced important actions in furtherance of the Biden Administration’s broader decarbonization goals — this time with an eye...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
President Biden Outlines Comprehensive Plan for Federal Sustainability

The president’s executive order aims to use the US government’s procurement power to achieve “carbon pollution-free electricity” by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050. By Jennifer Roy and Julie Miles On December 8, 2021, President Biden issued an Executive Order on Catalyzing Clean Energy Industries and Jobs Through Federal Sustainability (EO), which aims to...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
Regional US Transportation & Climate Initiative Program Comes to an End

A multistate cap-and-invest program to reduce carbon emissions from the transportation sector is dead after several participating states pulled out. By Jean-Philippe Brisson, Joshua T. Bledsoe, Benjamin Einhouse, and Brian McCall Less than one year ago, the governors of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, as well as the mayor of the District of Columbia, announced...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
California and Key Stakeholders Join Warehouse Regulation Lawsuit

The State and eNGOs seek to defend an emissions rule that trucking and airline trade groups are challenging in federal court. By Joshua T. Bledsoe and Jennifer Garlock On October 13, 2021, the State of California, on behalf of the Office of the Attorney General and the California Air Resources Board (CARB, and together, the...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins</a>
CEQ Issues Report to Congress on CCUS

CEQ report calls for widespread CCUS deployment to achieve climate goals. By Joshua T. Bledsoe, Nikki Buffa, and Nolan Fargo On June 30, 2021, the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) issued a report to Congress that outlines a framework for how the US can accelerate carbon capture, utilization, and sequestration (CCUS) technologies and...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
Path Forward: Why Carbon Capture Is Critical for US Oil

With increasing pressure to fight climate change, scientists, and leaders agree that carbon capture, use, and storage (CCUS) is a cost-effective solution to meet emissions goals made under the Paris Agreement.  In his interview with Hart Energy, Latham partner JP Brisson discusses how aggressive efforts are needed to meet the net-zero goal, but oil and...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
Air Regulators Tackle Trucking at Southern California Warehouses

A local air district approved a rule requiring warehouses to adopt clean technologies or pay a mitigation fee. By Joshua T. Bledsoe and Jennifer Garlock At a contentious board hearing on May 7, 2021, the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) approved a first-in-the-nation rule to regulate trucking emissions from warehouses by a 9-4...… Continue Reading

- <a href=''>Latham &amp; Watkins LLP</a>
TCI Program Established to Reduce Carbon Emissions From Transportation

The program will include a multi-jurisdictional cap-and-invest program and aims to address environmental justice and equity concerns. By Jean-Philippe Brisson, Joshua T. Bledsoe, Benjamin Einhouse, and Brian McCall On December 21, 2020, the Governors of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, as well as the Mayor of the District of Columbia, announced that their respective jurisdictions...… Continue Reading